Other Crossbow Designs.
Other crossbows that were designed for special purpose use are not that well known, but here are a few of the more notable ones that have historic value.
Pistol crossbows are a lighter, weaker hand-held sporting variant of the crossbow. The bolts fired from a pistol crossbow are very low velocity, this coupled with the lighter weight of the pistol crossbow bolt itself
(DO NOT GENERATE ENOUGH ENERGY TO HUMANELY HUNT ANYTHING).
Pistol Crossbows, are zippy, semi-accurate and fun, but definately not designed for hunting, not even small game hunting.
Pistol crossbows have been around for centuries, today's pistol crossbows are made of fiber and composite materials and are very light and easy to aim. Some of the larger pistol crossbows feature metal construction for extra power and stability, with some sporting self cocking mechanisms others with foot stirrups for ease of cocking.
Pistol Crossbow draw weights vary greatly, with the average between 50 pound draw weight up to 80 pound draw weight which even still coupled with lightweight bolts will not generate enough energy to be used for anything but target practice.
As with other crossbows, always consult your local laws before purchasing and if you do purchase a pistol crossbow, consult your local game laws for its use for hunting.
Chinese / Repeating Crossbows:
A chinese repeating crossbow is a crossbow where the separate action of shooting it can be accomplished with a simple one-handed movement, a magazine containing a number of bolts is affixed to the top of the bow and the mechanism is worked by moving a lever forward and backward thus loading and firing in repeated motion.
The basic construction of this crossbow has remained very much unchanged since its invention, making it one of the longest-lived mechanical repeat fire weapons.
Zhuge Liang improved the design of the repeating crossbow, and made a version which shot two to three bolts at once and was used in massed formations, and for this reason, it was named after him.
The repeating crossbow saw its last serious action in the China-Japan war of 1894-1895.
Stone Crossbows; Stone Bows:
In around the 16th Century, a two-stringed crossbow with a pouch was developed which shot smooth stones, or pellets of baked clay, this new crossbow feature earned the name of the stone-bow or stone-shooting-crossbow and was widely used for birds and small game invaribly it was a very low powered crossbow because of the stress on the curved stocked a low powered prod had to be used.
The stone-bow design was perfected in England in the late 18th Century by the addition of a strong, upwardly curled steel bow which held the strings and pouch well off the stock. This allowed the stock to be made straighter and much stronger than the earlier bent stocks, making it practical to use a more powerful prod.
Because of the increased power of the prod, lead balls of about 1/2 ounce in weight were used, and these new stone-bows became known as "Bullet-Shooting Crossbows". A complicated cocking lever and release mechanism was used making it a more favorable sporting crossbow of small game hunters.